In october 1847 17year old mary jane dilworth opened the first school in her tent. It was thought that the route to california might be shortened by way of the fort about 35 miles. Salt lake city, utah, was settled by brigham young and other mormons who were escaping religious persecution in the east and midwestern united states. Settlement of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints, also called mormons, latterday saints, or saints in the salt lake valley and surrounding area or the planning and founding of more than 500 communities in the american west, is regarded by many planning historians as one of the most significant accomplishments in the history of american city development. The first us visitor to see the salt lake area was john chugg in 1824. In 1847 a tired group of pioneers stood at emigration canyon gazing at the valley of the great salt lake. The citys population grew steadily in the first half of the 20th century, reaching a high in 1960 before declining. When mormon settlers arrived, they vied with indigenous people for economic. Information on this site was converted from a hard cover book. In many ways the history of salt lake is the story of that effort. Mormon settlement techniques of the salt lake valley. Notions of homogeneity to the contrary, salt lake city has had a history of on going. Traveling on what is now known as the mormon trail, which paralleled the oregon trail, youngas followers began to till the land on the first day of their arrival in july 1847.
The lake is huge but due to evaporationlack of supply the water line. Before settlement by members of the lds church, the shoshone, ute, and paiute had dwelt in the salt lake valley for thousands of years. About the salt lake city region seniors resource guide. By 1869, 80,000 mormons had made the trek to their promised land. It is bordered by idaho to the north, wyoming to the northeast, colorado to the east, arizona to the south, and nevada to the west. The university of utah, was originally called the university of deseret by its founder, brigham young, when it was established in 1850. Her history, therefore lends itself particularly well to pictorial presentation. In the next two years a dozen towns were founded in the county.
Guide to salt lake county, utah ancestry, family history, and genealogy. From council bluffs, iowa to fort bridger in wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the oregon trail and the california trail. Notions of homogeneity to the contrary, salt lake city has had a history of ongoing. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The name, taken from the book of mormon, refers to the honey bee. Their leader, president of the church of latterday saints, brigham young, said, this is the place. The settlement of salt lake city was not typical in many ways of the westward movement of. Originally, the salt lake valley was inhabited by the shoshone, paiute, goshute and ute native american tribes.
In addition to the central salt lake city wards, saints settled agricultural communities along other creeks in the valley. The status of black slaves was determined early on by an ordinance that. On july 24, 1847 143 men, three women and two children founded great salt lake city several miles to the east of the great salt lake, nestled in the northern most reaches of the salt lake valley. The interstate has a convenient early turn off from the city that takes you to saltair. Industrial development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries increased diversity with the arrival of many greeks. Utah state historical society, 300 rio grande, salt lake city, ut 841011182. Although the ute indians anciently inhabited this area, today the valley is home to provo, utahs second largest city. The united states congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the utah territory, vastly. To the west of provo lies utah lake, and to the east of the city stand a towering range of mountains called the wasatch front. The mormon migration and settlement in salt lake study guide by revisetime7 includes 17 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Salt lake city was founded on july 24, 1847 by a group of pioneers led by brigham young. Each resident owned a town lot, and using the new england and european pattern, they situated the large farms outside the city. By agreement with young, johnston established the army at fort floyd 40 miles away from salt lake city, to the southwest. Between 1890 and 1930, salt lake city experienced some of the most rapid and profound changes of any city in u.
The first american explorer in the salt lake area was probably jim bridger in 1825. The mormon trail extends from nauvoo, illinois, which was the principal settlement of the latter day saints from 1839 to 1846, to salt lake city, utah, which was settled by brigham young and his followers beginning in 1847. Salt lake city, the state capital and seat 1849 of salt lake county, northcentral. Although the area which now encompasses brigham city had long been an intermittent home to bands of shoshone indians, and been crossed by explorers, trappers and mountain men, it was not settled in an organized manner until the arrival of mormon pioneers in 1851. Parshall, mormon research historian in salt lake city, surrounded by her stacks of books is an avid bibliophile.
The saints, also known as mormons, arrived in the utah territory after fleeing religious persecution in the united states. The leaders followed joseph smiths plat of the city of zion rather loosely and invested salt lake city with a suburban character. Latterday saint colonization genealogy familysearch wiki. The jewish farmers of clarion, utah, and their world. Visited salt lake city in september and of course decided to see what the great salt lake looked like. Encyclopedic history of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints. Hospitals and health crazes in the late 1800s history to go. Salt lake began to assume its present character in the early 1900s.
Salt lake city is the capitol city of the state of utah and boasts a population of 178,097 million residents as of the 2005 census and its metro population is the third largest after denver and phoenix in the western united states. A world history by mark kurlansky, paperback barnes. Latterday saint pioneers migrated to salt lake valley. A mormon settlement is a term generally given to towns and communities that were first colonized my the mormons in the west. With an estimated population of 200,591 in 2018, the city is the core of the salt lake city metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,222,540 2018 estimate. Between 1855 and 1889, the saints performed more than 54,000 endowments, 68,000 sealings, and 4,000 baptisms for the dead in the endowment house. The saints, also known as mormons, arrived in the utah territory after fleeing religious persecution in. The county is home to several public and private colleges and dozens of theatrical, musical, and dance organizations. Book 8 a history of the theatre in salt lake city from 1850 to 1870. Page 24 you shall have your battalion at once, if it has to be a class of elders, said one, himself a ruling elder. On july 24, 1847, members of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints mormons settled the northern end of the salt lake valley to the east of the great salt lake. Brigham city settlement brigham city history project. The opening of the mining industry in the early 1860s and completion 1870 of the utah central railroad, connecting salt lake city with the union pacific at ogden, along with other rail connections, made the city a thriving hub of western commerce. The mormon migration and settlement in salt lake quizlet.
Learn about the rich history of this thriving city. Other religious groups also entered the medical field, creating hospitals in. These early mormon settlers came from across europe and brought with them their language, food, and culture. It is the world capital of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints mormons. Salt lake city, 18901930 gary topping, melissa coy. At the time of the founding of salt lake city the valley was within the territory of the northwestern shoshone, who had their seasonal camps along streams within the valley and in adjacent valleys. Religious studies center, brigham young university. The extent of early mormon pioneer unity can be, and often is, overstated. A central mass meeting for council, some harangues at the more remotely scattered camps, an american flag brought out from the storehouse of things rescued, and hoisted to the top of a tree mast and, in three days, the force was reported, mustered, organized, and ready.
L ayton, davis countys largest city, is located eleven miles south of ogden and twentythree miles north of salt lake city. On june 12, 1851, a company with a few wagons started for this point from salt lake city, utah early records, ms. Mormon pioneers first settled the kaysvillelayton area. Nov 19, 2018 a year later, when the church celebrated the 50th anniversary of brigham youngs arrival in the salt lake valleyyoung himself died in 1877the newly completed mormon temple in salt lake. The design, construction, and role of the salt lake temple. Ute and shoshone indians were early inhabitants of the area. Young settled in 1829 at mendon, new york, near where the book of mormon was. This map helps to identify the location of many church colonies in the mexican states of chihuahua and sonora. One of the easterntrained physicians, romania pratt, returned in 1877 to develop a medical training school in salt lake city. Salt lake city is the capital and most populous municipality of the u.
At the time of its founding there were no native americans present in the salt lake valley. The first european explorers reached this region in 1776, but the land wasnt settled by nonindians until the 19th century. Professor of history utah state agricultural college. Historic salt lake city is a city of settlement and growth. As more saints continued to arrive in subsequent years, church leaders developed more residential land to the east, south, and west of the future temple site. From settling salt lake city to polygamy, volume 2 of.
Utah offered the best land, and salt lake city already had a. Salt lake city is the capitol city of the state of utah and boasts a population of 178,097 million residents as of the 2005 census and its metro population is the third largest after. The pioneers, led by brigham young, were the first nonindians to settle permanently in the salt lake valley. Through the negotiations between emissary thomas l. All told, ninety settlements were founded in what is now utah during the first ten. A year later, when the church celebrated the 50th anniversary of brigham youngs arrival in the salt lake valleyyoung himself died in 1877the newly completed mormon temple in salt lake.
After early difficulties, salt lake city began to flourish. Publisher samuel bowles gives his impression of the mormon community of salt lake city in the mid1860s in our new west. Salt lake city was originally settled by latterday saint pioneers to be the new zion. Engraving depicting salt lake city in 1853, by frederick piercy. As our contribution to the centennial celebration of the settlement of a mighty state, we take great pleasure in presenting to the people of utah a pictorial history of their homeland a series of murals in which that history. Settlements in all of these valleys, as early settlers called them, multiplied with additional immigration throughout the 1850s.
Back to the soil clarion left its mark on utahs past and, more so, on a peoples future. At the time of salt lake city s founding, the valley was within the territory of the northwestern shoshone. Completing a treacherous thousandmile exodus, an ill and exhausted brigham young and fellow members of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints arrived in utahs great salt lake valley on july 24, 1847. Birth records, marriage and death records, cemeteries, census, church records, probate records, and obituariesresources to find parents and family history since 1852, when the county was formed.
In addition to the settlement of the salt lake and weber valleys in 1847 and 1848. In 1855 congress directed the president of the united states to appoint a surveyor general for utah territory, and to cause that the lands of that territory should be surveyed preparatory to bringing them on the market. In 1896, utah became the 45th state and the third to extend the vote to women. Kane, young, cumming and johnston, control of utah territory was peacefully transferred to cumming, who entered an eerily vacant salt lake city in the spring of 1858. The first in this southward extending chain of settlements was utah valley, immediately south of salt lake valley, which was settled by thirty families in the spring of 1849.
It is bordered by the wasatch mountains on the east and the great salt lake to the west in an area noted for occasionally strong east winds. In its pioneer period, from the beginning of white settlement in 1847 to about 1890, the city struggled against outside pressures to maintain its identity as a selfsufficient mormon utopian community, with its theocratic government, agricultural economy, and polygamous. This book is part of the utah centennial county history series. Salt lake city often shortened to salt lake and abbreviated as slc is the capital and most populous municipality of the u.
The lake is huge but due to evaporationlack of supply the water line was far from the shore at saltair when we visited. Other religious groups also entered the medical field, creating hospitals in salt lake city. The founding of the university of deseret utah in 1850 and the dedication of the salt lake theatre in 1862 provide two examples of the early commitment of residents to education and culture. One of the official pins for the 2002 winter olympics in salt lake city was a green jello jiggler in the shape of the state. Salt lake city, the state capital and seat 1849 of salt lake county, northcentral utah, u. Sep 24, 20 visited salt lake city in september and of course decided to see what the great salt lake looked like. From settling salt lake city to polygamy, volume 2 of saints is more epic than the first an artists depiction of the salt lake valley in the early years of pioneer settlement. Bountiful city history on the 27th day of september, 1847, perrigrine sessions, with his family, moved about nine miles north of the newly established mormon settlement of salt lake city and camped. Learn about the rich history of salt lake city, headquarters of the church of.
May 25, 2009 between 1890 and 1930, salt lake city experienced some of the most rapid and profound changes of any city in u. Near presentday cedar city, the exploring party had found a mountain with iron. Bagley, will 2004 world book encyclopedia, volume ssn, pp. Wandermere salt lake county was an early settlement adjacent to lake wandermere, which later became lake nibley in nibley park. Surveyed in the early 1850s as plat d of salt lake city, the avenues was the first.1092 287 1000 1305 1327 1036 1517 1073 190 406 366 691 569 151 572 299 1139 1368 24 480 406 1475 175 21 271 1167 978 1356 633 641 548 674 1087 1485