Aluminum is a light metal, about the third of the density of steel, copper, and brass. Materials data book 2003 edition cambridge university engineering department. Relatively new aluminumalloysincludedare7033,alli8090and 2090, rapidly solidi. Pdf application and mechanical properties of aluminium alloys.
Thus the use of steel as a structure adds additional weight by 60%. Application and properties of aluminum in primary and secondary explosives article pdf available in journal of elementology 222. The unique combinations of properties provided by aluminum and its alloys make aluminum one of the most versatile, economical, and attractive metallic materials for a broad range of usesfrom soft, highly ductile wrapping foil to the most demanding engineering applications. Aluminum association assumes no responsibility or liability for the use of the. The test is performed using a loading apparatus such as the tinius olsen machine. This cuts the costs of manufacturing with aluminum. The completely updated source of information on aluminium industry as a whole rather than its individual contributors.
Chapter 6 mechanical properties university of tennessee. Aluminium specifications, properties, classifications and classes. Aluminium, its properties, alloys and finishes asm international. We guarantee that your information will not be divulged to the third party. Dynamics and statics we all have some intuitive idea about the mechanics of the world around us, an idea built up largely from our own experience. Chemical composition and properties of aluminum alloys united. Material and property information altair university. This advantage is retained as temperature increases, because the specific heat of aluminum alloys increases with temperature to the melting point ref 1. Small additions of chromium, titanium, zirconium, lead, bismuth and nickel are also made and iron is invariably present in small quantities. The thermal conductivity of aluminium is about three times greater than that of. Mechanical properties data for selected aluminum alloys limited mechanical properties data for several selected aluminum alloys are compiled in this appendix. Table of chemical composition limits for inactive original alloys. Pdf application and properties of aluminum in primary.
This makes it a much more costeffective source material for. Aluminium element information, properties and uses. Once the ebook is opened, a menu will appear with several options to navigate and search through. History, properties and alloys the history of the light metal industry, as that of many other industries in this century, is one of notable and ever accelerating expansion and development. Many material properties can be determined from the results of a tensile test once the graph of force against displacement has been converted with equations1. The excellent corrosion resistance of pure aluminium is largely due to its. Aluminium copper 30 aluminium silicon 31 copper zinc 31. Physical properties, characteristics and alloys 60 pages, 44 figures basic level prepared by ron cobden, alcan, banbury objectives. The properties listed above are for material in the t6 condition bs en 7552. Aluminum and aluminum alloys introduction and overview general characteristics. Aluminium specifications, properties, classifications and.
There are over 300 wrought alloys with 50 in common use. This part of the aluminum construction manual deals with speci fications for allowable stresses in structures. Classes of materials materials are grouped into categories or classes based on their chemical composition. Aluminium aluminum in american and canadian english is a chemical element with the symbol al and atomic number.
It is weldable only through friction welding, and has average machinability. Properties and characteristics of aluminum and aluminum alloys. Aluminium al balance mechanical properties at room temperature property value proof stress 310 mpa tensile strength 340 mpa elongation 11% shear strength 210 mpa hardness vickers 100 hv properties above are for material in the t6 t651 condition. Fabrication and thermal properties investigation of. Aluminum is 100% recyclable and recycled aluminum is identical to the virgin product. Aluminum alloys are second only to steels in use as structural metals. This area of scientific research is still developing, the authors restricted it to about 30 papers. Aluminium is used in a huge variety of products including cans, foils, kitchen utensils, window frames, beer kegs and aeroplane parts. Within the family of metals only silver, copper and gold. It has low density, is nontoxic, has a high thermal conductivity, has excellent corrosion resistance and can be easily cast, machined and formed. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 3103h aluminum to. Apr 16, 2019 aluminum really comes into its own when you combine it with other metals to make aluminum alloys an alloy is a metal mixed together with other elements to make a new material with improved propertiesit might be stronger or it might melt at a higher temperature. Aluminium alloy 6063 t6 extrusions aalco metals ltd. Carbon steels carbon steel is steel that has properties made up mostly of the element carbon, and which relies upon carbon content for its structure.
Jun 04, 2002 aluminum is a very light metal with a specific weight of 2. It offers good strength, hardness and dynamic properties and is therefore also used for parts subject to high loads. Creo parametric material files library ptc community. Aluminium the metal 2 aluminium is strong and ductile, properties that, combined with low density, have resulted in extensive use of aluminium in transport applications. Aluminium alloy data sheet 6063 revised october 20 page 1 of 2 au alloy 6063 is a heattreatable 0. Heat treatment of steels ttt diagrams and jominy endquench hardenability curves for steels 34 viii. Mechanical properties data for selected aluminum alloys.
Aside from that companies dont want to get sued if. This material has good mechanical properties and can be used for parts subject to high voltages. Pdf application and mechanical properties of aluminium. The oxide film when a freshly formed aluminium metal surface is exposed to the atmosphere. The thermal conductivity of aluminum alloys, about 50 to 60% that of copper, is. Reference data for some physical properties for guidance only property value density 2. The paper presents a short survey of the application and mechanical properties of aluminium alloys. Aluminum introduction, properties, manufacture, and uses. The file method should only be used in situations when the exact hardness is not required. Physical and mechanical properties of materials melting temperature 9 density 10 youngs modulus 11. It is also easily machined, and the low melting temperature of 660 c allows for easy casting.
Much of the material published in these specifications has been. The completely updated source of information on aluminium industry as a whole rather than its individual. Its ready extrudability enables thin walled and intricate hollow shapes to be produced. May 17, 2005 aluminium is the worlds most abundant metal.
Aluminium is ductile, and malleable allowing it to be easily drawn and extruded. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The specifications, properties, classifications and class details are provided for aluminium and aluminium alloys. Objects 3d printed by sculpteo in aluminum alsi7mg0. The most perfect carbon structure in the world is a diamond, which is 100%. This also reduces noise and improves comfort levels. The unique combinations of properties provided by aluminum and its alloys make aluminum one of the most versatile, economical, and attractive metallic materials for a broad range of usesfrom soft, highly ductile wrapping foil to the most demanding engi. Cleaning methods cleaning methods in ascending order of harshness are. Its composition makes it very suitable for molding.
Properties and characteristics of aluminum and aluminum alloys 3 much more efficient manner, enabling it to be radiated off and minimiing hot spots. Aluminium packaging 3 even though aluminium has a low specific gravity, the aluminium industry has worked hard to reduce the gauge of the can, and hence the weight, while improving the mechanical properties so that the thinner material making the can still carries out all of the requirements of a can. Pdf material properties of normal and high strength aluminium. Alsi10mg is a typical casting alloy with good cast ing properties and is typically used for cast parts with thin walls and complex geometry. Aluminium products are characterised by their lightness, strength and corrosion resistance. Aluminium is one of the lightest available commercial metals with a density approximately one third that of steel or copper. Hardness is proportional to the tensile strengthbut. Comprehensive information for the american aluminium industry collective effort of 53 recognized experts on aluminium and aluminium alloys joint venture by world renowned authoritiesthe aluminium association inc. Handbook of comparative handbook world steel standards. It is a silverywhite, soft, nonmagnetic and ductile metal in the boron group. The aluminium possesses a unique combination of properties which make it extremely attractive and versatile construction material with universal application. Material properties material elastic modulu poisson s ratio density tonnemm3 yield strengt ultimat odulu e s nmm2 r tio onnemm engt h nmm2 strength nmm2 steel 2. The ebook of comparative world steel standards on cdrom is a fully searchable adobe pdf file.
Physical properties metric english comments density 2. This area of scientific research is still developing, the authors restricted it. Aluminium properties differ between grades depending on the alloy present giving each grades certain, unique characteristics. This indicates the confinement effect of composite microstructure on the aluminium properties, in agreement with the works carried out by goitandia et al. The versatility of aluminium makes it the most widely used metal after steel. Due to poor corrosion resistance, it is often clad with aluminium or al1zn for protection, although this may reduce. There are few people today who are not familiar with at least some modern. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the earths crust, where it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and also the most abundant metal. Aluminium alloy is a relatively more expensive material than steel although its weight is onethird of the steel. The file can also be used to determine the harder of two pieces of metal.
Properties and characteristics of aluminum and aluminum. This makes aluminium ideal for detailed castings, and is therefore used for signage fingers, finials and plaques. Since aluminium nitrides with nitrogen to produce a very hard compound, it is usually used as an alloy in nitriding steel. Down below an example of a certificate issued for customer regarding aluminium flat bar 80 x 10 mm.
Parts in eos aluminium alsi10mg are ideal for applications which requir e. Aluminium copper 30 aluminium silicon 31 copper zinc 31 copper tin 32 titaniumaluminium 32 silica alumina 33 vii. Nowadays in advanced countries, aluminum became the important construction material for buildings especially for industrial buildings along with brick, cement and steel. Aluminium al 658 c this is the strongest and very frequently used deoxidation and denitriding compound which supports the steel during its ageing. Aluminium is nontoxic and is therefore highly suitable for the preparation and storage of food. Aluminium specifications, properties, classifications. Aluminium has a density around one third that of steel or copper making. The capacity of this machine is 10,000 pounds tension and compression. Amongst the various aluminium alloys, alsi alloys are used extensively because of their properties like low coefficient of thermal expansion, good bearing properties, good corrosion resistance. Material selection is determined by the capabilities and qualities of materials, or their properties. Ksjis symbol ksjis number remark din type din material remark number number a179 seamless cold drawn lowc k01200 stbh340stb35 d3563g3461 st 35.
Aluminium is easily recycled, and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality, making it a highly sustainable material. Also, if the structure is sufficiently massive, the aluminum can act as a heat sink to slow the rate of increase of temperature. Alcoa special temper designations are unregistered tempers for reference only and provided for customer use to identify unique processing, material, or end use application. Aluminium alloy 6005a t6 extrusion material data sheet page 3 material data sheet 6005a t6 extrusion 072016 bs en 7552. Advantages and properties of aluminum material science. Pdf on jan 28, 2019, meini su and others published material properties of normal and high strength aluminium alloys at elevated. Aluminium is a light alloy with silver optics and so popular that the global utilization increases annually by more than 5%. Aluminum produces no sparks when it comes into contact with itself or nonferrous metals. Again, its use in vehicles reduces deadweight and energy consumption while increasing load capacity. Also, if the structure is sufficiently massive, the aluminum can act as a heat sink. Many material properties can be determined from the results of a tensile. Typical mechanical properties hardness, brinell 95 95 aa. They can change with temperature, orientation, batch lot and risk.
The reason that more materials arent provided is because material properties are unique to the application. Data points with the aa note have been provided by the aluminum association, inc. Aluminium is most commonly alloyed with copper, zinc, magnesium, silicon, manganese and lithium. Student racing car project material definition the frame will be built out of steel with the following properties. International alloy designations and chemical composition limits. If you have any questions or good suggestions on our products and site, or if you want to know more information about our products, please write them and send to us, we will contact you within one business day. Aluminum really comes into its own when you combine it with other metals to make aluminum alloys an alloy is a metal mixed together with other elements to make a new material with improved propertiesit might be stronger or it might melt at a higher temperature. To achieve this temper, the metal is strain hardened to a strength that is roughly 38 of the way between annealed o and fullhard h18. Typical tensile properties at various temperatures kgmm 2 table6 temp. It is used in applications requiring high strength to weight ratio, as well as good fatigue resistance. File hard introduction to materials science, chapter 6, mechanical properties of metals university of tennessee, dept.
International journal of mechanical and production. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare 7010 aluminum to. It is also used in auto bumpers due to its shockabsorbing properties. Uk aluminium industry fact sheet 15 aluminium packaging. Aluminium is an excellent thermal and electrical conductor, having 59% the conductivity of copper, both.549 1214 230 1482 1061 134 261 864 135 1221 494 919 1078 334 1524 48 1030 1480 1068 332 1159 14 651 716 1158 281 129 747 602 1484 118 1498 57 197 1123 244 506 436 978